Cash Secured Puts is a simple way to acquire stocks for investment at a lower price than the current Market Price. It involves selling out of the money put options and simultaneously holding enough cash to purchase the stock at lower price.
To Explain this strategy lets take reliance as example, where the stock price is currently trading around 921.30. However the investor is expecting correction in the stock price as the market situations are not favorable. Investor is happy to acquire the share if the price comes down to 860 though he/she is not sure about the market correction. In such a situation selling Out of the money put options comes handy to acquire shares at lower price.
1)Demat Account + FNO Trading Account
2)Enough Cash to Acquire stock at lower price
3)Shorting a Put Option
4)Option Tools to Analyze Payoff Graph before initiating trade decision
How to Select the Put Strike?
Selling a put obligates you to buy shares of a stock at your chosen short strike if the put option is assigned.
For example, let’s say you wanted to buy Reliance, but not at the current price of 921.30. You prefer to pay 860 then one should start writing 860PE strategy. Assume that investor is able to acquire March 860 PE at the premium of Rs7. In that case Rs 7000 got credited into the investor account by selling 860PE march option. If the stock price on expiry is likely above 860 then Investor keeps Rs7,000 regardless of what occurs with Reliance shares.
Reliance Out of the Money PE Options Table
How much cash is require to Execute the Strategy?
One Lot size of Reliance is 1000 shares. Current Total Value of Reliance = 921.30 x 1000 = Rs9,21,300/Lot
However the Investor want to acquire reliance when stock price trades below 860. so a minimum of Rs8,60,000/Lot is required to hold in his investing account.
Now go to your broker portal and check with the Margin Calculator to compute the Margin Required to Short March 860PE. Margin Required = Rs 1,22,265. Adequate margin is already there as the investor already has Rs8,60,000 in his investing account.
Investor also has an obligation to buy Reliance at 860 on March Expiry as he/she is shorting 860 March Put Option. It’s important to remember that even if the stock drops to 800 between now and 28th March, the investor still has to buy Reliance for Rs860/Lot.
What if Scenarios on Expiry Date?
What if Reliance share trades above 900? On Expiry Date if Reliance trades anywhere above 860 investor will still not be able to buy the stock price at Rs860 but still he collects and keeps the premium of Rs7000. In that case again start writing 860PE April Expiry and repeat the above process to acquire shares around 860.
What if Reliance Share trades below 860 On Expiry Date if Reliance trades below 860 investor will be able to buy reliance stock price at 8,60,000/Lot. For Example Reliance ends at 855 then March OTM 860 PE will have a premium value of Rs5. so investor gains Rs2000/Lot but he will be able to purchase the stock at 8,55,000 per lot. Hence his net price of acquiring the stock becomes Rs 8,53,000/Lot
What if Reliance Share drops to 800? On Expiry Date if Reliance trades drops to 800 still has to buy reliance stock price at 8,60,000/Lot. For Example Reliance ends at 800 then March OTM 860 PE will have a premium value of Rs60. so investor lost Rs60,000/Lot but he will be able to purchase the stock at 8,00,000 per lot. Hence his net price of acquiring the stock becomes Rs 8,60,000/Lot.
Brokerage ,Transaction Charges and other tax Calculations are not added in the above example.
What are the Risk Involved?
If the stock price doesnt moved lower instead the stock moves higher in that case investor lose the investing opportunity but still end up with the premium of Rs7000 in the above case by selling out-of-money PE options.
Greediness & Leverage kills the investor if the investor wants to write more put option than the actual money at stake in his trading account. For Example if the investor writes 5 lots of reliance 860PE instead of 1 lot by holding 8,60,000 in his account balance. Let say stock drops to 800 then it could bring serious loss of 60 x 5 x 1000 = 3,00,000 lakhs in his investing account and also he will left with sufficient margin to buy enough shares at Rs800.
Overall if Cash Secured Puts strategy is rightly handled and market moved in investor favor then investor will be able to acquire stocks at lower price than the current market price. If not the market moved in investor favor still he/she earns the income by selling the premium of Out of the money options.