In India, the financial system is regulated with the help of independent regulators, associated with the field of insurance, banking, commodity market, and capital market and also the field of pension funds. On the other hand, the Indian Government is also known for playing a significant role in controlling the field of financial security and also influencing the roles of such mentioned regulators. You must be aware of the regulatory bodies and their functions, before a final say. The most prominent of all is RBI or Reserve Bank of India. Let us look in detail about various Financial Regulatory Bodies in India.
RBI – Reserve Banks of India :
Reserve Bank of India : Reserve Bank of India is the apex monetary Institution of India. It is also called as the central bank of the country.
The Reserve Bank of India was established on April 1, 1935 in accordance with the provisions of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934. The Central Office of the Reserve Bank was initially established in Calcutta but was permanently moved to Mumbai in 1937. The Central Office is where the Governor sits and where policies are formulated. Though originally privately owned, since nationalization in 1949, the Reserve Bank is fully owned by the Government of India.
The Central Office is where the Governor sits and is where policies are formulated. Though originally privately owned, since nationalization in 1949, the Reserve Bank is fully owned by the Government of India.
SEBI – Securities and Exchange Board of India :
Apart from RBI, SEBI also forms a major part under the financial body of India. This is a regulator associated with the security markets in Indian Territory. Established in the year 1988, the SEBI Act came into power in the year 1992, 12th April. The board comprises of a Chairman, Whole time members, Joint secretary, member appointed, Deputy Governor of RBI, secretary of corporate affair ministry and also part time member. There are three groups, which fall under this category, and those are the investors, the security issuers and market intermediaries.
PFRDA – Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority :
Pension Fund regulatory is a pension related authority, which was established in the year 2003 by the Indian Government. It is authorized by the Finance Ministry, and it helps in promoting income security of old age by regulating and also developing pension funds. On the other hand, this group can also help in protecting the interest rate of the subscribers, associated with the schemes of pension money along with the related matters. PFRDA is also responsible for the appointment of different other intermediate agencies like Pension fund managers, CRA, NPS Trustee Bank and more.
FMC – Forward Markets Commission :
Other than the financial bodies mentioned above, FMC also plays a major role. It is the chief regulator of the commodity(MCX, NCDEX, NMCE, UCX etc) of the Indian futures market. As per the latest news feed, it has regulated the amount of Rs. 17 trillion, under the commodity trades. Headquarter is located in Mumbai, and the financial regulatory agency is working in collaboration with the Finance Ministry. The chairman of FMC works together with the Members of the same organization to meet the required ends. The main aim of this body is to advise the Central Government on matters of the Forwards Contracts Act, 1952.
IRDA – Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority :
Lastly, it is better to mention the name of IRDA or insurance regulatory and Development authority, as a major part of the financial body. This company is going to regulate the apex statutory body, which will regulate and at the same time, develop the insurance industry. It comprised of the Indian Parliamentary act and was passed duly by the Indian Government. Headquarter of this group is in Hyderabad, and it was shifted from Delhi to Hyderabad. These are some of the best-possible points, which you can try and focus at, while dealing with financial bodies of India.