Backtesting is a process of Testing the trading conditions with respect to the past historical data, evaluating not only the profitability of the system but the underlying risk factor associated with the Trading/Investing Model. Proper Backtesting gives belief and enough confidence to a trader to trade a set of rules. But are the newbie traders really doing proper backtesting?
Backtesting and Optimization to be pretty much essential step in trading strategy development. If the strategy is not performing well in the backtest results we can skip the system and move on to the next one. But if the backtest results are good then one should be extra cautious as most of the times backtesting your own Trading Strategy might give interesting results. However when comes to practical trading the scenario might be completely different and most of the times it results in a poor performance or lower than the expected backtest results.
Metaquotes had conducted Automated Trading Championship during the year 2011 and published some of the vital statistics from the Real and Test Trades made by the participants during the Algo Trading championship. And Finally they came up with five parameters to compare the different mechanical trading system used by the algo trading participants for Better Profitablity.